Field Surveys

Soil and detrital carbon assessments in forests of northern California  
We measured soil and detrital carbon stocks and carbon fluxes between pools in four forests as part of a larger study on effects of canopy closure on carbon storage.  Click here to see our recent carbon study publication and to see posters presented at American Geophysical Union meetings.   

Forest carbon assessments 
Quantified carbon in living above-ground trees as part of carbon offset verifications for the California Cap and Trade Forest offset program.  Measured detrital pools of woody debris, forest floor, and soils in a variety of projects.  Measured soil CO2 efflux and root respiration.  Parameterized data into user-friendly model to game different scenarios of carbon storage. Model Northern California Carbon Budget excel file.

Biological assessment of stream with varying levels of stream-side forest harvests
Conducted depletion-pass electrofishing surveys of small streams in the Coast Range of Oregon that had varying levels of forest harvest and incoming solar radiation.  Also collected periphyton data and macroinvertebrate counts. Results show increased biological response with increased radiation.  

Effectiveness monitoring of restoration projects in the Shasta Basin
Designed a series of riparian and in-channel surveys based on draft protocols of the California Department of Fish and Game.  Statistical tests were performed to show the effects of cattle exclusion fencing on rates of recovery of riparian and in-channel processes.  Work involved collaboration with local landowners, the Shasta Resource Conservation District and the State.  Results showed exclusion fencing showed beneficial responses immediately, but full recovery of riparian functions may need 20 years. Click here to view Introduction section of report.

Stream surveys
Over twenty Level II survey projects from as early as 1995 have been performed in the National Forest Region 6 in the Willamette, Siuslaw, Umpqua, Malheur, Rogue River, and Gifford Pinchot, Olympic. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife survey protocols have also been performed for several watershed councils. Upper Extent Fish Use Determinations have been made for industrial forest owners in Oregon. Rapid bio-assessment snorkel surveys are ongoing with the Elk Creek Watershed Council to develop strategies for coho habitat restoration. Collectively 2,000 miles of streams have been surveyed ranging in size from headwaters to 4th order rivers. Surveys include physical and hydrologic measures of stream channels, mapping of basins, fish abundance and distribution, and riparian condition characterization. Over on hundred reports have been prepared. Niagara Pheasant report 2010 Final

Stream restoration
Design, permitting, and training of equipment operators were performed in several projects where woody debris structures were placed streams.  Restoration was based on presence of coho rearing potential and on conditions of habitat. Effectiveness monitoring has shown success of structures in creating increased complexity, bedload aggradation, and improved coho habitat. 

Mapping of streams
Located and mapped small (Class 4) head water streams on BLM lands in the Eugene District and on Forest Service lands in the Willamette National Forest.  Marked and traversed harvest buffers along the streams using both laser rangefinders and traditional compass and survey tapes.  Surveyed small landslides along streams and performed restorations using mulch and native grass seeding.

Stream and riparian inventories
Performed physical measures on small head water stream channels and forest plot measures using variable plots on approximately 20 streams on the east slopes of Mt. Hood of the Cascades Range, OR.  Approximately 400 channel transects and 800 forest plots were inventoried.  Data was entered into databases.

Flood effect surveys
Surveyed 11 streams in the Breitenbush Drainage to assess the flood effects on fish habitat. Surveys included Hankin and Reeves surveys and synoptic surveys.  Surveys showed the dynamic nature of these streams following the 1996 floods in Oregon. A 90-page report was prepared to document the changes using pre- and post-flood photo points.  A presentation was made at the Northwest Scientific Society Meetings.

Survey of riparian conifers
Performed an inventory of conifers in the riparian zone along twenty-one streams in the Siuslaw National Forest. Fifty variables were recorded and entered into spreadsheets. A 58-page synthesis document was prepared that highlighted the highly variable nature of natural conifer regeneration and relationships with species, woody debris nurse logs, overhead closure, and availability of seed sources.

Non-vascular plant surveys
Performed intuitive controlled surveys for Strategy 2 and Protection Buffer Species of fungi and bryophytes on 9,000 acres of forest lands in Grants Pass area. Created species lists for over 100 species of common fungi species and over 200 species of common bryophytes and lichens species.

Forest surveys
Relocated and surveyed using standard forest inventory methods 100 permanent forest plots in the Coast Range for the Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Indians.

Wildlife surveys
Performed surveys for Goshawks on 12,500 acres in the Fort Rock Ranger District, Deschutes National Forest.  Surveys were organized on 300-meter grids with broadcast calls. A summary report was prepared describing nesting density with comparisons to literature values.